Sunday, May 4, 2014

Melaninistic Zebra Revisited

Newborn zebra in the north-western area of the Okavango Delta. The zebra has a  dark color due to a small genetic abnormality linked to the amount of melanin affecting the pigmentation of the fur. -Africageographic

Courtesy of Toby Styles

Saturday, March 1, 2014

Indian Government's Elephant Service--1907

For many years I have suggested that possibly inferior elephants with physical problems and poor genetics with allowed for the passing on of inferior genetics, were the elephants sold to circus and zoo's.  The physical/mental problems were then often blamed on the captive environment of the animals, instead of the acceptance that the animals were inferior before they ever arrived at the circus or the zoo.

Note this quote from the article above: 'in such a way that the least valuable are put up to public auction, when they fall to the lot of private merchants and companies.'  Further on in the article it states that sometimes an order for sixty tuskers, selected by experts for their intelligence and work ability are selected and sent to a military installation.  The "Frank Bucks" and other animal dealers get the left overs/culls to import to circus/zoological institutions. 

A similar situation occurred in the early 1980's with the large importation of Arabian horses from government studs in Poland and Russia.   It is a rare, rare exception when a breeding facility, stud, or capture site will offer there good stock for sale.  The superior animals are offered as an example of what is produced or what is on hand, but is not for sale.  What is for sale is what has been deemed not necessary(read inferior) to the breeding program, or for use for other purpose's requiring superior individuals.   Those inferior horses, with exceptions, such as Bask never realized their expected potential as breeding stock as was seen in Poland and Russia, and caused the closure of many horse farms and the leaving of "Arabian horse breeders" who had been schmoosed into the industry with dreams of million dollar imported horses. 

The elephant capture centers carry on the same practices as the state stud farms.  Nothing wrong with it, and it is normal practice.  Buyer beware.

Thursday, January 16, 2014

Dalia--Buenos Aires Zoo


The commanding officer ordered "Fire " and a platoon of Guards Security Police Capital, executed the order without blinking. For sixty minutes the Mauser rifles were primed on the body of the defendant : the Dalia elephant, sentenced to death by the Zoo Director , Adolfo Maria " Dago " Holmberg, in punishment for his desperate attempt to escape to freedom.
This incredible story "of love, madness and death," which seems taken from a story by Horacio Quiroga or a novel by Rudyard Kipling, began in the lush jungle of South India around 1883 , when the small Dalia was born .Male elephant - in spite of his name , Dalia was educated by his mother until age 18 , when he had shed his tutelage to follow the herd . Due to their remarkable intelligence learned there the basics of subsistence, such as the precaution of testing indigestible fruit or how to get a night shelter .He spent 20 hours a day to provide their food , consisting of 50 kilograms per day of herbs, twigs , shrubs , buds , leaves and fruit , and when I felt like running , the inhabitants of the jungle stood aside to see happen to the gigantic mass five tons and three meters high , making the earth tremble under their feet to the fantastic speed of 40 kilometers per hour.

But that free and natural life was cut short in 1922 when he was captured and sent with a female companion to be incarcerated in the Zoological Garden of Buenos Aires. This abrupt habitat alteration meant changing the jungle of his early years by the Hindu Temple ( Elephant House )
" ... Large round building with pure Indian style , copy Nimaschi temple of the goddess , from the time of Rajah Tirumal , in this building , statues, bas-reliefs and inscriptions that decorate it are taken from the most famous religious monuments India . The column statues represent a main front Kartikeya , fac - simile of which exists in the temple and the other Raghanati Bhuwaneswor , fac - simile of the statue of the temple dedicated to the same god . "The idols of niches located above the doors are fac - similes Pagoda Modura , the bas-reliefs on the sides represent a stage hand drawn from the Veda and Rig- Veda , the other side are religious issues related to Siva and Vishnu , the inscriptions are copied from authentic documents ( edicts of Asoka ) , low relief Bharhut . It was designed by architect Cestari . The inner part is 700 square meters and 1200 meters the corral . "

But grossly inadequate to accommodate living, a very beautiful and of unquestionable artistic value building. In 1936, Dalia was there "victim of the air currents so abundant in the pavilion that housed, suffering two rheumatic attacks improved with increasing temperature."
The corral was completed with a fence armed with strong bars, although low-rise, at that time, there was no actual perimeter moat.
Dalia's ear was so sensitive I could hear sounds generated within 50 square kilometers, capacity in the city of Buenos Aires meant no little torment. He learned to use his trunk-body-in muscle multipurpose childhood, when his mother caressed her, or when I was young of whack if he misbehaved. In love, she linked up with her ​​partner, and the danger, shaking horizontally, indicating threat, but when he stood at the sky, it was a sign of attack.

With that same soil collected horn to his mouth and cookies and candies that they threw their friends, the kids , who enjoyed taking a ride on his big back, as can be seen in photographs of magazines of the time . The newspaper La Nacion , in its issue of 20/5/43 , acknowledged that Dalia " was one of the best attractions of the zoo ."After the death of his partner in 1938 brought the zoo to Cango , a young female of five, who soon became the elephant couple of the widower , 55 years old.Dalia belonged to the family of the world 's largest land mammals . Despite its size was peaceful and docile nature . His species can be tamed into an apprenticeship of three years in which to learn to obey 24 different orders , thanks to his outstanding intelligence and memory .His new life for 21 years then passed without leaving the small space provided, unable to cool off in a river, without traversing the jungles of southern India with his herd. And you can not  conceive the prodigious memory has forgotten. Yet despite this, his character had not soured.
At least not until the morning of May 18, 1943.

"This is a very strange account I stumbled upon.  It seems to be describing an Asian elephant, yet this sure looks like a African Bush elephant to me, and a male at that apparently, if I am to trust the translation.  Stranger still a male elephant with the female name of Dalia.  Is this a Bush elephant, and does anyone have anymore information on him?

Saturday, January 11, 2014

Vintage Elephant Rides--London Zoo 1872

A black and white wood engraving.  Note the posting on the wall on the right advising folks to be on the look out for pick pockets.  I am assuming this is Jumbo and Jumbo Jr.

"From my private collection of zoo engravings."

Begum--London Zoo 1872

An original black and white in-text wood engraving by Ernest Griset portraying the female Sumatran rhinoceros named Begum being transferred from her "travelling den" to her cage at the London Zoo Begum has the distinction of holding the record for the longevity in captivity for a Sumatran rhino. She died in 1900.

"From my private collection of zoo engravings and woodcuts"

Miss Bet--London Zoo 1870

Watercolour, pen and ink and pencil on paper.

The incident happened on a bitterly cold day in December 1870 when the Indian rhinoceros fell through the ice into a deep pond. All the available keepers were summoned to pull her out. The Zoo’s Superintendent, A.D. Bartlett (wearing a top hat) is seen directing the dangerous operation. Miss Bet survived the ordeal unharmed and died in 1873.   She had lived in the Zoo since 1850.  The Bartlett Society

Ernest Griset (1843-1907), who died 100 years ago, was a well-known caricaturist of the nineteenth century. His illustrations in books and satirical magazines including Punch contributed to their popularity and success.
The hallmark of Griset’s work was to base his caricatures on animals either in human guise or behaving in a human-like manner. The inspiration for these amusing figures came from Griset’s regular visits to ZSL London Zoo.

The painting of Miss Bet is one of four of Griset’s paintings held in the ZSL Library.

Ghost Zoo--Maidstone Zoo

Cobtree Manor Park is celebrating its 30th anniversary this year.  This delightful country park is a haven for wildlife and nature lovers as well as being a great place for family days out.  It also encompasses the popular Kent Life attraction and a golf course and was formerly the site of Maidstone Zoo.
In the mid-16th Century the area in which the park is situated was known as the Allington Castle Estate and included the historic Sandling Farm which is now the site of Kent Life.  Originally extending to 461 acres the Allington Castle Estate was owned by Thomas Wyatt.  In later years the property’s name was changed to the Cobtree Estate when the Tyrwhitt-Drake family took over its ownership.
In the early years of the 20th Century Sir Garrard Tyrwhitt-Drake inherited Cobtree from his father.  An eccentric character Sir Garrard travelled extensively and on returning from his travels set up a small zoo in the grounds of his estate.  It would appear that his fascination with exotic animals began with the zebra as he is alleged to have painted a donkey with black and white stripes to remind him of his adventures overseas!  The zoo flourished – presumably with real zebras in residence – and Sir Garrard became a respected zoo and circus owner.
A hugely energetic man, Sir Garrard’s interests did not stop at zoo animals; he also had extensive business concerns in Maidstone and played an active role in public life being Mayor of Maidstone on no less than 12 occasions.  Sir Garrard also collected carriages which he realised would become obsolete as the motor car began to take over from the horse-drawn vehicles he had been used to as a child.
Maidstone Zoo closed in 1959.  However, the animals were able to stay at Cobtree until suitable homes were found for them with the last leaving in about 1963 shortly before Sir Garrard’s death the following year.  A public spirited and generous man Sir Garrard died childless.  Bequeathing his estate to the people of Maidstone he had already gifted his unique collection of carriages to the town when, in 1946, the Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages opened.  These remarkable carriages can still be seen today at the museum where, in the true spirit of Sir Garrard, entry is free.

"In researching the history of the Queen's Royal Creme Ponies I stumbled upon this snippit:
The Royal Cream Ponies were bred from a stallion named Prince, which Sir Garrard bought in 1913. Unable to find a cream mare, he experimented and the eventual result was cream foals. Prince`s ancestors pulled Queen Victoria`s coach, hence "Royal". A rather sad story is that due to the lack of horsemeat, etc., during WWII,  Sir Garrard was forced to `sacrifice` two of the ponies in order satisfied the needs of the large carnivores. The only time that he slaughtered a well animal.  
I googled Sir Garrard for insight into his breeding program and was surprised to learn he had a zoo someplace in England, but not much else.  Does anyone have any more information about 'Maidstone Zoo?  I had never heard of it."

Mademoiselle Paula

This is the front page of a letter written in 1899 to the Hon. Lionel Walter Rothschild (later Lord Rothschild) by Charles Harte, Impressario to Mademoiselle Paula: 
Charles Harte, 'Impresario acting for Mdlle Paula, the famous reptile conqueror’ offers a living fifteen foot rare snake. He wishes to dispose of this ‘serpent’ in order to make more room for his Indian pythons, ‘more suitable for handling in Mdlle Paula’s performance’ and wonders whether Rothschild would like to add it to his collection.,_2nd_Baron_Rothschild 

The letter is addressed from the Royal Aquarium, Westminster. This was built in 1876, located opposite Westminster Abbey, but demolished in the early 1900s to make way for the Methodist's Central Hall. As well as a theater, art gallery, reading and smoking rooms, the building included a main hall featuring; palm trees, sculptures, tanks of curious sea creatures and an orchestra.

Paula performed at a number of locations around the British Isles 1890-1899, but the longer stints were spent on the bill at the Royal Aquarium.

Her performance is put in context when you look at the other acts listed on the bill alongside her during October 1890: Roches pack of fourteen wolves, the smallest monkey parachutist in the world, Professor Maxey the needle eater, Sol Stone the Great American calculator, and the Brothers Dunbar and their astonishing aerial act.

In the Pall Mall Gazette, on 29th January 1891, the following appeared advertising Paula's next show: '....with her fierce alligators, who was bitten last Saturday, hopes to reappear to-morrow [sic]'. Clearly a shrewd marketing ploy by her manager!

Later in January 1899, in 'The Standard' she is promoted as 'Paula Queen reptile conqueror of the world, subduing snakes, crocodiles and alligators'.  


The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction 1832

The Elephants in the Zoological Gardens, Regent's Park

The annexed Engraving will probably afford the reader a better idea of the Zoological Gardens, than did either of our previous Illustrations. It is indeed a fair specimen of the luxurious accommodation afforded by the Society for their animals; while it enables us to watch the habits of the stupendous tenants in a state of nature, or at least, free from unnecessary restriction or confinement. It is an opportunity hitherto but rarely enjoyed in this country; the Elephants exhibited in our menageries being caged up, and only allowed to protrude the head outside the bars. The Duke of Devonshire, as our readers may recollect, possessed an Elephant which died in the year 1829: she was allowed the range of a spacious paddock at Chiswick, but her docility, intelligence, and affection, which were extraordinary, were only witnessed by a few visiters. In the Jardin du Roi, at Paris, the Elephant has long enjoyed advantages proportionate to his importance in the scale of creation. Six years since we remember seeing a fine young specimen in the enjoyment of an ample enclosure of greensward, and a spacious bath has since been added to the accommodations. This example has been rightly followed in our Zoologicai Gardens.
The Elephant Stable is at the extremity of the northern garden in the Regent's Park. It is of capacious dimensions, but is built in a style of unappropriate rusticity. Adjoining the stable is a small enclosure, which the Elephant may measure in two or three turns. Opposite is an enclosure of much greater extent, so as to be almost worthy of the name of a little park or paddock. The fence is of iron, and light but substantial. Within the area are a few lime-trees, the lower branches of which are thinned by the Elephant repeatedly twisting off their foliage with his trunk, as adroitly as a gardener would gather fruit. His main luxury is, however, in his bath, which is a large pool or tank of water, of depth nearly equal to his height.

In hot weather he enjoys his ablutions here with great gusto, exhibiting the liveliest tokens of satisfaction and delight. Our artist has endeavoured to represent the noble creature in his bath, though the pencil can afford but an imperfect idea of the extasy of the animal on this occasion. His evolutions are extraordinary for a creature of such stupendous size. His keeper had at first some difficulty in inducing him to enter the pond, but he now willingly takes to the water, and thereby exhibits himself in a point of view in which we have not hitherto been accustomed to view an Elephant in this country. The fondness of Elephants for bathing is very remarkable. When in the water they often produce a singular noise with their trunks. Bishop Heber describes this habit as he witnessed it near Dacca:—"A sound struck my ear, as if from the water itself on which we were riding, the most solemn and singular I can conceive. It was long, loud, deep, and tremulous, somewhat between the bellowing of a bull and the blowing of a whale, or perhaps most like those roaring buoys which are placed at the mouths of some English harbours, in which the winds make a noise to warn ships off them. 'Oh,' said Abdallah, 'there are Elephants bathing: Dacca much place for Elephant.' I looked immediately, and saw about twenty of these fine animals, with their heads and trunks just appearing above the water. Their bellowing it was which I had heard, and which the water conveyed to us with a finer effect than if we had been on shore." The Elephant can also eject from his trunk water and dust, and his own saliva, over every part of his body, to cool its heated surface; and he is said to grub up dust, and blow it over his back and sides, to keep off the flies. There are two Elephants in the Zoological Gardens. Both are of the Asiatic species. The larger animal was purchased by the Society about fifteen months since. It is probably about eleven years old, and is still growing; and a register of its bulk at various periods has been commenced. The smaller Elephant was presented to the Society by Sir Edward Barnes, late governor of Ceylon. It has been stated to be a dwarf variety, and that its age is not far short of that of the larger individual; but this assertion is questionable. It is much more consistent with our knowledge of the species to regard it, in the absence of all previous knowledge of the history of the individual, as a young one not exceeding four years old. This specimen will be seen in the distance of the Engraving.

Courtesy of Project Gutenberg

Victorian Calendar: May 16, 1876 --- The Prince's Menagerie

Victorian Calendar: May 16, 1876 --- The Prince's Menagerie: The Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park welcome the last of the incredible menagerie collected by the Prince of Wales on his just conclu...

Friday, January 10, 2014

Zoological Stock Certificates

As a measure to improve its economic base the Berlin zoo in 1845 was granted the legal form of a joint stock company, a form it has maintained to the present day. And with the exception of a single stock certificate owned by the State of Berlin, the other 3,999 are widely dispersed in private ownership.

I can not find out much about this certificate, which is sure a beauty.  Anybody know anymore about it?

Zoological Stock Certificates

Translated:  ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY IN HAMBURG registered share.
The Zoological Society was by well-known citizens, including Ernst Merck , HA Meyer and Consul Schiller founded in 1860 in Hamburg. Again, the population of Hamburg was invited to participate in the subscription of shares , which were as a family shares a 375 Shilling and staff shares more than 250 Shilling Banco denominated , issued . The high Senate of Hamburg presented the founders of a site on Dammtorbahnhof over a period of 50 years free of charge. The 15h large garden was created under the guidance of the renowned zoologist Alfred Edmund Brehm (see also Hannover). The opening took place in 1863. The original capital stood on Schilling Banco 915,000 issued in the name shares for each 375 shillings and human shares at 250 Schilling Banco , a . 1863 to finance further expansion work, including an aquarium , additional shares issued . On 17 May 1863 , the plant was inaugurated . For the first director Alfred E. Brehm was named. Already in the summer of 1864 one needed additional capital to build a large conservatory building and renew existing systems. To this was added 733 shares denominated in shillings 500 Banco launched . For electrification , construction of a restaurant business and a concert hall in 1889 a bond of M 500,000 were issued . The zoo was one due to its generous equipment and its rich livestock long the most important zoological gardens in Germany and soon became the cultural and social center of Hamburg. Only with the opening of the Hagenbecker Park the competition was so great that no longer profitable , the attitude of the zoo on Dammtorbahnhof he was closed in late 1930.

Zoological Stock Certificates

Translated:  COMPANY " ZOO " IN ELBERFELD.   Elberfeld , the first June 1881 Founder shares , it was until 1903 a total of 913 shares issued ( increased 1899 +1900 ) . The excess of the Company received for charitable purposes , according to statutes.The Zoo Wuppertal, Wuppertal Zoo or Zoologischer also called Garden Wuppertal, counts due to its naturalness with the park-like grounds , the ancient trees and its hillside location now one of the main attractions in the city of Wuppertal . Approx. 5,000 animals in over 500 species from all over the world make their home here . It all started with a private initiative Elberfelder citizens who were corroborated by a first general meeting, the idea of ​​founding a zoo and by means of a joint-stock company as a carrier transpose the proposal of funding into action. Thus, the joint-stock company " Zoologischer Garten in Elberfeld " was launched . The share capital was made up of 860 shares together each M 300 . With Paul Boedinghaus and August Freiherr von der Heydt , Friedrich Bayer (founder of the Bayer company in Wuppertal ), etc. were also on the city 's best-loved personalities to the Supervisory Board and the Management Board. The terrain on Kothen was found suitable and 1880 started with the necessary buildings. The design took over the garden architect Siesmeyer from Frankfurt / Main, who has already participated in the design of the palm garden. Just one year later was celebrated with an initially relatively small herd, the opening . The line took over vet Maas , who was replaced by director Bölsche 1886.Probably due to the competition of the large neighboring cities of Cologne and Dusseldorf came in subsequent years fewer visitors than expected. The company came after 16 years in financial difficulties capital grants and new ideas changed the whole situation a little . After a visit from Carl Hagenbeck was decided to set up groups of animals in Elberfeld . A mortgage shareholder loan and donation of the population were erected for the construction of a lattice- free investment for seals , polar bears and reindeer , a Lion Rock was added.
 Visitor numbers increase significantly in the years 1909-1912, as well as the cost of entertainment. Nevertheless, the G.-V. should from 07/14/1922 decide on the liquidation of the company. The proposal was not approved. The share capital in the amount of 435 100 M was converted in full to Reichsmark. The G.-V. from 09.21.1925 approved a further capital increase of RM 10,000 in preferred shares at RM 1000, which became the property of the city of Wuppertal. Since this is now financially supported the company since years, the city administration decided to final acceptance. On 1 April 1937, the corporation was dissolved and the Zoological Garden Elberfeld taken over by the city of Wuppertal, at the same time 2/3 of the shares acquired. After renovations and additions to the number of visitors increased in 1950 for the first time have increased, in 1871 there were then over a million.

Zoological Stock Certificates

Translated:  ACTIEN SOCIETY OF ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN IN HANNOVER registered share over 20 Thaler Courant # 388 ; Hanover, 1 March 1865 ; paint. Beige, black , Dimensions: 24 X 28.5 ; registered to Mr. August Gernlein transmitted original signatures of the Board Dr. H. bat and former Minister of State Alexander Baron von Munchausen ( 1813-1886 ) , and the cash master Georg Schultz , back and original signed on March 31, 1866 for the Board : city Manager J. Rasch ; pressure: Wilh. Riemschneider , ( entry on the Talon section). Founder share ! History: " Hanoverian " At the suggestion and initiative of citizens superintendent Dr. H. racket which had informed about the Zoological Gardens London , Berlin and Frankfurt in advance , a commission formed the " Natural History Society" Hanover in March 1861 should review project. It included , inter alia, In addition to Dr. bat at the wine merchant George Schultz and senior teacher Dr. Hermann Guthe . After joint negotiations with the city of Hanover , they agreed on a 12 acre site at Hanebuths block , which leased the city in the summer of 1862 which is currently being established stock association for the establishment of a zoological garden . From 1862 prospects could be entered in the shareholder list . Purpose of the stock association was to promote education and recreation . In accordance with the established statutes a capital should be compiled of 50,000 thalers , issued in shares at 20 dollars Quick came together with a capital of 23,000 thalers , so that the Green decision meeting on 25 Could take place in February 1863 . To the Board had next to Dr. bat and George Schultz city manager Rasch, former Minister of State DA from Munich Hausen , Prof Gerlach of the Veterinary School , Consul and Consul potential C. Wedekind . As an architect Wilhelm Lüer (1834-1870) was engaged , among other things, the Eggestorffsche aquarium built and was then brought by Alfred Brehm to Berlin , in order to build the Berlin Aquarium Unter den Linden . Lüer created a system that should represent a possible real and natural environment in his opinion, the animals and the visitors. In June 1863, a temporary zoo was opened with two brown bears, which attracted 7,000 visitors within three months. On 4 May 1865 could then open the newly built zoo opened its doors. In the center of the complex there was a rock plant with birds of prey aviary , aquarium and caves for predators . The various
Parts of the zoo were connected by a bridge walk bridge. He was a crowd-pleaser , though Wilhelm Lüer fell into the public criticism because of its romanticized castle and rock constructions . Afred Brehm wrote to him : " Hamburg , 3 Octbr . , 1865. My dear friend! . "I have given to you by my views on the running in the local animal garden buildings and even now won no other judgment as before. On the other hand , I recognize happy that you have known how to give your buildings the stamp of peculiarity and originality and got me the impression of entire buildings pleased the more. "The share subscription of the remaining capital was rather slow in the subsequent years , a total of 2,479 pieces were drawn. Gradually, camel, antelope and predator - houses were built . In addition, changing animal shows came to offer. A special attraction was " human zoos " in which people from foreign countries could be seen with their animals in everyday life. In den1880er years large animals such as the Elephant " Marly " or hippos were purchased increased. The First World War brought a decisive event for the Hannover Zoo, the money income fell sharply , the nutritional situation of the animals worsened, the animal houses could not be heated in the winter. The city of Hanover took over the zoo, but could not save him and let him close in 1922. Back on citizens' initiative and in cooperation with the pet trade company rest in Alfeld (Leine) in 1924 , the zoo was reopened with a lion gorge , a predator and a monkey house rocks. In 1932, the zoo completely calm and made him showcase his pet shop 1944, he is then closed again and provisionally opened in 1946. Slowly, the stock was expanded in 1972, the city of Hanover took over the zoo, bought the animal population and received him so changed in 1990 the zoo into a limited company around and sold it to the then Local Government Association, Greater Hannover (now Region Hannover). 
As a result, the zoo was rebuilt for Adventure Zoo, including with means and with regard to the processing performed in 2000 EXPO. In the winter of 2005-2006 the Hanover Zoo in Germany was "first Winterzoo". The successful project is to be repeated in the future.

Zoological Stock Certificates

 Registered share about 60 DM, payable to "William Genske."  Issued 1960

Registered share about 60 DM, payable to "Cologne Savings Bank"  Issued 1994

Zoological Stock Certificates

Lion Country Safari was founded in 1967 by a group of South African and British entrepreneurs who wished to provide a safari experience for families who would not normally be able to experience it. The park originally exhibited only lions.

The first park in South Florida is currently believed to be the only Lion Country Safari. At one time there were parks in California, Texas, Georgia and Ohio.

An amusement park in Richmond, Virginia called Kings Dominion (now Paramount's Kings Dominion) opened in 1975 with a similar attraction called Lion Country Safari. Another drive-through zoo known as Lion Country Safari existed in Irvine, California on the site of the current theme park Wild Rivers which was converted from Lion Country's entertainment area in 1986-87 after the LC park closure in 1984. The remaining portion of the park was converted to a Day Camp (the drive through reserve was used for horseback riding, archery, ATC, ATV riding and hiking) for children named Camp Frasier (Owned by Lion Country's parent company United Leisure) U.L. was headed up by CEO, Harry Schuster (South African Founder of L.C.). The Lion Country Safari Park in Irvine was originally in the city limits of Laguna Hills and opened in June of 1970. It was the Second Lion Country Safari (After Florida). However in 1982 a long bitter battle began between Schuster and the Irvine company where the Irvine company decided to renegotiate the 28 year lease on the land which began in 1968 and try to take back control when property values increased. Harry Schuster then became involved in a bitter and excruciating legal battle with the Real Estate monster until 1997 when they finally reached a compromise. During this ongoing legal battle Schuster threatened to 'tear it all down' including: Irvine Meadows (built on a sublease agreement with U.L.)- Now Verizon Amphitheatre, Wild Rivers, and the Day camp he founded. His reasoning was, "I built all this on a firm contract, why should The Irvine Company be allowed to take it from me just because they want it back?". As of May 2006, the Irvine company still hasn't done anything with the land except re-grade what was once the Drive-Through-Reserve and sublet portions for Nurseries to store plants. Harry Schuster also founded the 'Loves' restaurant chain.  Certificate issued in 1980

Zoological Stock Certificates

The Columbus Zoological Company was incorporated on February 16, 1895 and in 1902 purchased 214 acres of land previously owned by the Rathbone and later the Wetmore families for the purpose of building a Zoological Park in Columbus, Ohio.  Bond's issued in 1903

Wednesday, January 8, 2014

Elephant Enclosure--Knie's Kinderzoo

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Thursday, December 19, 2013

Vintage Knie Paper

1946 designer Hans Falk   Voitech Trubka

 1950 designer Fauquex    Who is this?

1960 designer Marcus Campbell  Is this Gilbert Houck?

 1975 designer Donald Brun  Is this Louis Knie?

1977 poster designer T.Steinemann & R.Jung 

Circus Knie Fountain Created By Swiss Artist Hans Erni.

Vintage Knie Paper--Designer Hans Erni






Vintage Knie Paper



 1960 designer Fauquex 

 1965 designer Donald Brun 

1957 designer Herbert Leupin 

Wednesday, December 18, 2013

Carmon Department of Agriculture Yearbook 1904

The First Sire Selected For Use In The Experiment Of The Department Of Agriculture To Develop An American Breed Of Carriage Horses.

Buck The World's Greatest Educated Horse

The World’s Greatest Educated Horse Buck, owned by Hardy Murphy of Ardmore, Okla., at the Fort Worth, Texas Stock Show.  Year Unknown

Educated Mules Howes and Cushing's Circus 1858